Adjective Clause (or Relative Clause or Subordinate Clause)

As you know by now an Adjective is a describing word that modifies the meaning of a noun and is placed before a noun.


An adjective clause is a subordinate clause used to modify a noun or a pronoun. The Adjective Clause has a similar character like an adjective because the clause does the same job, but consists of a FEW words, whereas the adjective consists of ONE word only. As the clause works like an adjective it is called adjective clause! Got it?

The clause is placed after the noun it describes.

What is a Clause?

  • A clause consists of several words and includes a subject and a verb
    Example: who is the best in this course (Subject: WHO - Verb: IS
  • It begins with who, whom, whose, that, which, when, where, or why (these are called Relative Pronouns)
  • A clause is a sentence that modifies (describes) a noun. It is a kind of adjective as it does the same as an adjective does: describing (modifying) nouns.
  • The clause follows the noun
  • The Adjective Clause (Subordinate Clause or Relative Clause) combines two simple sentences
  • Adjective Clause - Examples

    The man, who is the best in our course, is John.

    WHO - relative Pronoun
    WHO IS - Subject and Verb
    who is the best in our course - Relative Clause


    Chess players who are intelligent can become grandmasters.

    My car, which was stolen last week, has been found today.

    The girl who was shouting was angry.

    My house which looks small is great.

    The bus that drove past me was green.

    The woman whom I send a letter is married.


    Adjective Clause (or Subordinate Clause)



    How to use Relative Pronouns?

    Who - is used for people
    Whom - is used for people (as the objects)
    Which - is used for everything except people (as subject and object)
    Where - is used for places
    When - used for periods of time





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